Watches are called in honor of the plane Tupolev ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky".
ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky" — the Soviet propaganda, passenger many-placed, 8-motor plane, the biggest plane of the time with the overland chassis. It is constructed at aircraft factory of the city of Voronezh.
The plane could be operated from rather small airfields, length of running start it at take-off made only 300 — 400 m. In this regard the new wing which had the increased area and lengthening, than usually was designed. Almost all surface was goffered. The power plant consisted of eight engines (the general power of 7200 hp). Screws wooden with a diameter of 4 m. The flight navigation equipment of the plane provided its operation day and night, including night landings on the unprepared district. Onboard there were various means of propaganda, including a loud-speaking radio set — the Voice from the sky, radio transmitters, a film projector, a photolaboratory, printing house, library, power plant, etc.
M.M.Gromov and N. S. Zhurov by this plane in 1934 established two world records, having lifted freight weighing 10000 kg and 15000 kg on height of 5000 m. After tests he was given in агитэскадрилью of Gorky. By plane during visit to the USSR I made flight Antoine de Saint-Exupery.
For the first time in the history of world aircraft the power supply system of three-phase alternating current of 127 V and with a frequency of 50 Hz, feeding the onboard equipment was applied;
The plane was equipped with a ladder which, being turned, became part of a floor;
In wings two-story beds for rest were located;
If necessary the plane could be sorted and transported by the railroad;
For the first time in Russia the autopilot was applied.